Math Fact Fluency and Automaticity
Fluency - math facts can be computed without stumbling
Automaticity - automatic recall of math facts
Achieving Fact Fluency
As Franklin Lakes Public Schools students work toward developing procedural fact fluency, they are given the opportunity to do so through exploring strategies, rather than being tasked with memorizing isolated facts.
Students who possess procedural fluency have “skill in carrying out procedures flexibly, accurately, efficiently, and appropriately” (Kilpatrick, Swafford, and Findell 2001).
Grades K-3 Math Fact Fluency Progression: NJSLS for Mathematics Student Performance Expectations
Grade K - K.OA.A.5
- Demonstrate fluency for addition and subtraction within 5.
Grade 1 - 1.OA.C.6 6.
- Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10.
Grade 2 - 2.OA. B.2
- Add and subtract within 20. Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies.
- By end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers
Grade 3 - 3.OA.C.7
- Multiply and divide within 100. Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations.
- By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.